If you plan to let out a property, PAT testing is something you should consider as a landlord. As well as other issues related to electrical installations, emergency lighting and fire alarms, it is an essential part of your landlord responsibilities to hire an electrician who can conduct these tests. Read more in this PAT testing guide.

What is PAT testing?

Short for portable appliance testing, PAT refers to the practice of testing electrical appliances that can be moved, this PAT testing guide will explain more. This is to ensure they are fit for us. The inspection includes visual investigation of the appliance itself, as well as any wires, plugs and checking for grounding and insulation. Though these appliances can be moved, they are usually tested in their original location.

Types of testing

According to the Health and Safety Executive, 90 per cent of faults can be found during a visual inspection. A simple check is enough to spot signs of wear and tear or damage to the cable and plug. It may help to hire an expert with PAT training to check your appliance for any potential problems, including the plug, before you begin a new tenancy and at regular intervals during the tenancy.

Legal implications

Though PAY testing is not a legal requirement for landlords, we still recommend it. It is still a legal requirement that you ensure all electrical equipment is safe to use and that continues to be so while you have tenants in your property.

Having PAT tests carried out by a qualified electrician will help protect you legally in the event of an electrical appliance causing a fire as a result of a short circuit.

Best practice

There are a few things you can do as a landlord to ensure that each electrical appliance in the property is completely safe for your tenants to use. To start, check all appliances before the start of a new tenancy, and every two years for small appliances. This includes things such as kettles, toasters, lamps and more. Large appliances such as fridges and ovens should be checked every four years.

Secondly, we advise that you provide tenants with instruction manuals for all electrical appliances in the property. Tell them to read and follow the instructions while using them for best practice. It’s up to them to follow these rules, but giving them these guides will protect you should anything go wrong.

Finally, make sure all appliances carry a CE mark. This means they comply with European protection laws and are BEAB approved. BEAB approval means they were products in an inspected factory that uses accepted methods and were tested before sale. New equipment is usually safe to use and only requires a visual inspection to check it’s not damaged.


Though PAT testing is not a legal requirement, you can certainly see the benefits of doing so. Should anything go wrong once tenants have moved in, it will help your case to have these tests confirm the safety of your appliances.

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There are many elements to electrical safety, so much so that it can be overwhelming. Finding a domestic electrician who offers a smooth and efficient service can make the process easier. Get in touch with CEB Electrics today to see how we can help.

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